No tier of government «owns» a communal need. Governments at all tiers will always be concerned with communal needs. However, handling services to meet those needs is an entirely separate organizational issue. Read more on social v service territories.
It is essential to distinguish:
responsibility for communal needs
«Responsibility for services» does not automatically imply … government employees providing those services. It may make more sense to contract out or regulate services. Read more on provision of services for the public.
This THEE Framework is hierarchical, with higher Level territories including and encompassing those at lower Levels. Clashes over provision can occur easily when politicization occurs.
The Framework offers a rational solution, in that any communal need will naturally be met differently at each tier. In other words, political responsibility necessarily adjusts to the size and socio-political complexity of the territory. Subsidiarity is about getting this devolution of responsibility right.
The differing responsibilities of the political organization at each tier, in respect of a selection of communal needs, is shown in the following Matrix.
|7||Global Assembly of all Nation-states
(UN aspires to this role.)
|Co-existence||Conventions on the conduct of war.||Conventions on movement of people and goods.||Conventions on health needs and health care
|Conventions on education needs and knowledge availability.|
|6||Consortium of Nation-states||Harmony||Interpol.
|Air traffic control harmonization.
Absent or reduced border controls.
|Multi-country epidemiological research. Coordinated management of migrating disease vectors.||Joint massive research projects
|5||National Government||Sovereignty||National militia.
Domestic air travel.
|Resource centres (e.g. poisoning, epidemic control, centres of medical excellence.)||Post-graduate research.|
|4||Regional Government||Autonomy||State police.||Highways. Canals.
|Health care system.
Health services regulation.
|Universities and polytechnics.|
|3||Local Government||Responsiveness (to communal needs)||Civil defence.
|Roads. Bicycle routes. Local buses or trams. Taxis. Support for pedestrians.||Environmental health
(water, sewage, rubbish disposal, air pollution.)
|Primary and Secondary education.|
|2||Neighbourhood Government||Familiarity||Neighbourhood Watch schemes.||Walking paths.
Direct social monitoring or control of individuals.
|1||Household||Privacy||Physical security, intruder alarms. Personal weapons.||Private vehicle maintenance.||Personal self-care.
Managing interaction with healthcare system.
Care for children in family.
Education about the way the world works.
Objectives in relation to meeting needs, as pursued by each tier of political organization, is further clarified by considering the tiers in pairs.
The higher tier governing entity has a concern for standards and the general form of communal needs/services of its component territories,
the lower tier entity handles specific application and actual provision in its territory.
The higher-tier governing entity delegates or leaves matters to the lower-tier governing entity,
the lower-tier entity makes representations to the higher:
: Ensuring pleasant daily interaction amongst specific individuals.
: Provision of communal facilities and amenities in general.
: Service provision and socialization for citizens.
: Citizenship, economic development and geopolitical security.
: Enabling international exchanges and international activities.
: World harmonization and integration wherever possible/desirable.
Originally posted: August-2009; Last updated: 15-Nov-2010