There exists everywhere a social territory defined by the daily travel of its inhabitants, typically a town or rural district. Within this territory, members of a household live, (often) work, shop, go to school, receive health care, get professional services, find many work opportunities, and pursue leisure activities.
Anymust subdivide its territory in accord with . The cannot avoid recognizing the inherent demand within these for their own political organization.
The organizational expression of the desire for self-governance in a THEE-name for it is: .is extremely varied. The
Terms for Local Territories are many and include: Provinces, Counties, Districts, Towns, Municipalities, Communes, Localities; Area, Shire, Borough, Metropolitan District (plus non-English names). The governing entity may be called an Authority or a Council.
Whereas higher levels (actual delivery and the specific details of local needs and preferences.& ) will be concerned with services in abstractions (i.e. in terms of their general form and range, the standard of provision, priorities between services, and inequalities within the state), will be concerned with
, where it exists, will be empowered to produce regulations mandated by higher level laws, as well as its own by-laws which must be obeyed.
Local governments often seek to provide services coterminous with their community, i.e delivered uniformly across the geographical territory of that community. This is natural but often unwise.
The optimum size of territory which can be served effectively by an efficient organization will vary greatly from one service to another. This servuce territory may be larger or smaller than the local government territory.
In general, it is better to optimise the service territory, rather than artificially fit it to the local government catchment area.
Read more on social territories & social territories.
There are many options for providing services. So local councillors can relate to and control service provision in a variety of ways.
The essence is flexibility in structures, and an acceptance of variation to suit communities and also to suit the nature of the services.
Originally posted: August-2009; Last updated: 15-Nov-2010