As usual, if we are to understand dynamics and related problems in duality that energizes and disturbs people. All the cross-level influences of the Groupings of will be affected., then we must identify the
In this case, the dilemma can be represented as: Integrative vDivisive.
This duality may be referred to in various ways, e.g.
• unifying v splitting
• inclusive v exclusive
• wider group v in-group
• societal v sectional
• public v private
Both poles are required and overuse of one pole will distort political life and weaken society. Each Level must now be examined in turn, but the general pattern is known. We will find that …
at some Levels (Groupings) the poles are discrete and require separate Centres. This is the case when , and . So, in these cases, we need to determine which pole is dominant;
The integrative/unifying Centres will be identified with a subscript .
The divisive/splitting Centres will be identified with a subscript .
The balanced Centres will be identified with a subscript .
Originally posted: August-2009; Last updated: 15-Nov-2010