By naturally participate in the 7 arenas of …people
… which are sustained and developed by those who feel obligated to do to make a difference:
In, these political players become adept at using some of the 6 instruments of …
… which are sustained and developed by self-interestedly responding to emerging :
By, the political organizers activate one or more of the 5 drivers of …
… which are sustained and developed by government and society formally welcoming special
In, political groups in society expect to benefit from one or more of the 4 sources of …
… which are sustained and developed by openly arranging for adjustments and
By, society hopes for definitive viable choices from the 3 shapers of …
… now read on:
Any political solution means using to apply society's wealth in a new way.
Society’sare the instruments of power, but they are at the mercy of the available to them, and limited in what they can do by society's .
Q: Where is the of society to be found?
A: In the people—where else could it be?
Q: How is manifested?
A: As —articulated as that brook no opposition.
refer to widespread feelings in regard to choices and policies needed by the society and a readiness to spend money in their pursuit. There are two forms: ( ) and ( ).
Theis unmistakable to politicians. It is what they attune to for their own survival. Because pressures from the people en masse cannot be resisted by politicians, they must be respected and channelled as constructively as possible.
When politicians are said to «» to do something necessary, the commentator is avoiding saying « ». If the people en masse want something, especially in a democracy (i.e. a society), then it will happen.
At present, the usual situation is that the people do not want rational remedies. They much prefer blaming, demonizing, or escapist solutions that postpone suffering while worsening the underlying problem. As long as «the people» are willing to abdicate responsibility, dump on scapegoats and blame machinations of foreign powers, then political leaders, true to their role, will deliver on that.
Theflowing from the state of mind of the public is not measured by the size of an army or police force. Nor is it a function of the particular that happen to be in public favour.
Don’t confuse pressure-CG2 to bear. All politicians can and must exert pressure. But no politician has a hand on the levers of —as those who approach the summit of their ambitions quickly discover. Politicians, even in authoritarian regimes, exist largely at the behest of their public.
Read more on Individual Power (CG2).
In authoritarian societies, the most powerful groups are government (or «the party»), the military and the police. These three groups often get together to wield enormous coercive power. Such coercive power usually becomes increasingly overt as a government loses its capacity to control the population. Deployment of coercive powers tends to breed poverty and fear that weaken societies. At the extreme, coercion can wreak devastation: as Stalin did to the USSR, and as Mao and his Red Guards did in China during the cultural revolution.
Read more on Group Power (CG1).
political choice. Whereas sentiment can be moulded, refers to a well-spring of intrinsic power within a society flowing from deep common experiences and perceptions of reality. These are highly resistant to influence. So sometimes an seems to ignore public opinion e.g. the sentiment to continue slavery was strong during Lincoln’s presidency, but the imperatives of the time called for abolition of slavery.
Read more on the Social Context of Politics.
lies latent in a society, perhaps captured in the notion of its spirit and soul. Unless a nation’s spirit can be raised, nothing of great note can result.
direct personal experience is relevant—either via seeing (e.g. on television), or suffering directly and in common (e.g. in an economic disaster), or knowing intimate details (e.g. via personal networks).may erupt suddenly (due to an event) or slowly as more and more people become aware of a particular matter that deeply affects them. By deeply, I refer to an emotional response that is as biological as it is psychological. So
Theis only a demand i.e. a potential for a solution. It must be concretised by and personalized and authorized by the if anything is to happen.
Rousseau’s thinking is fundamental to much in modern government, but his term «general will» has no relation to the « » identified here.
Rousseau’s famous concept refers to the legitimist stage in the maturation of political institutions, and not to everyday political activities.to which all must freely assent: e.g. Article 6 Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen - 1789 (during the French Revolution) states: “The law is the expression of the general will.” So Rousseau’s work relates to
Rousseau found politics unpalatable: e.g. he thought that interest groups should be banned. His orientation was more to the State and its unity than to society and its diversity.
Originally posted: August-2009; Last updated: 15-Nov-2010