Niccolo Machiavelli (1469–1527) … "There is nothing more difficult to take in hand, more perilous to conduct, or more uncertain in its success, than to take the lead in the introduction of a new order of things."
Anon … "Any sufficiently advanced bureaucracy is indistinguishable from molasses."
Society is a human system and itsis a form of life. So it is more accurate to think of governing as an organic process based on the inherently of . Each is affected by their many and varied supporters and originating groups, all within an environment in constant flux and impacted by unpredictable and often unknowable events. So any directed and deliberate change of policy and wealth allocation is inherently difficult.
Change is hard because people desire continuity and highly value identity-defining aspects of their society. So the status quo is always the fall-back position for. Nevertheless, change and how to get it is a major preoccupation of and . It is partly dealt with via two important mechanisms:
It sounds fine in theory: democracy allows the effective reconciliation and harmonization of efforts bywho enable government commitments to be made and delivered. But in practice this can be inefficient, even unworkable.
Ideologies have been developed that specify: the organization of society and the handling of change in that society. Each claims that its values and methods are natural and appropriate to meet the needs of each and all—and mostly apply always and everywhere.
Strong leadership in regard to change appears as:
Weak leadership in regard to change appears as:
John Kenneth Galbraith (1908–2006) … "You will find that the State is the kind of organization which, though it does big things badly, does small things badly too."
The prime desire of people is for continuity in regard to aspects of society that are identity-defining for them. To produce change of any significance (and disrupt continuity), the power of the people in society must be unleashed in the form of «».
depends on the intrinsic power of society as a whole—the power that if unleashed can move everybody and legitimate anything, even violence—and which no can resist.
Confront now the power of a society.
Originally posted: August-2009; Last updated: 15-Nov-2010