By naturally participate in the 7 arenas of …people
… which are sustained and developed by those who feel obligated to to make a difference:
In, these political players become adept at using some of the 6 …
… which are sustained and developed by self-interestedly taking advantage of emerging :
By, the political organizers harness one or more of the 5 drivers of …
… which are sustained and developed by formally pursuing 4 sources of for government and society:
In, government and society expect to benefit from 4 sources of …
… which are sustained and developed by openly ensuring their adaptation and to produce solutions for society:
By, society hopes for definitive viable choices from the 3 shapers of …
… now read on:
There are Pentads in the Structural Hierarchy. Each is identified with a note on the method of and examples. Then each is examined using a schema for specifying further distinguishing features.in any society, and these are defined by the
Thisrepresents any defined —which then becomes the leader’s constituency (support base).
Example: Leaders of political parties; leader of a nation; many others.
Function: To affirm the group’s values and actively pursue the interests of its members.
Method: The process may be simple: the group elects their leader for a pre-determined period; or it may be tiered: a leadership group of elected-leaders (representatives) elects a Chairman as primus inter pares.
Power Source: Group strength.
Work Style: Dynamic, pragmatic, biased.
Motivators: Wish for attention, feelings of power, readiness to embody popular strivings.
Control: Leaders dislike and reject controls of any sort.
Personal Benefit: Power and financial perks.
In addition, groups of all sorts within society elect officials, expecting them to showon their behalf. There are 2 main types:
Thisobtains a pre-defined position in a formal autonomous body, either within government or created by government, with a specified responsibility related to society as a whole.
Examples: Top judicial appointments; chiefs of government agencies.
Function: To uphold and adapt society’s current values and beliefs while applying capabilities, knowledge and expertise to discharge specified responsibilities.
Method: Often a number of high-level appointments are made (e.g. to a council or to the judiciary), while sometimes the most senior appointee makes the additional appointments (e.g. in a servicing agency).
Power Source: Current values and social structure.
Work Style: Impartial and independent.
Motivator: Exercise of personal capabilities in service.
Control: By the governing establishment.
Support: Colleagues closing ranks.
Personal Benefit: High social status: prestige and respect.
Thisis recognized by behaviours that generate a growing following. This type can occur in unstructured or informal settings, and often in response to events that raise doubt or distrust of established political institutions. become recognized as advocates, prominent campaigners, or spontaneous spokespersons.
Example Lech Wałęsa, initially a union official and hardly a political leader, progressively developed in status and emerged as a spokesman for the whole of Polish society against the Communist dictatorship of General Jaruzelski. (In due course he was elected President of Poland.)
Function: To respond to needs emerging in communities, either territorial or based on interest and practice.
Method: None—process is situational, ad hoc and informal.
Power Source: An inner sense of what is right supported by an incipient or flourishing social movement.
Work Style: Focused, and takes the moral high ground.
Motivator: Moral fervour.
Control: Minimal. The followers are grateful and unwilling to question, while wider society and the establishment lack levers and get anxious. The establishment strives to mitigate or neutralize effects by co-option and integration into the «normal» power system.
Support: Ordinary people responding spontaneously to the leader’s message.
Personal Benefit: Personal fulfilment and social recognition.
Now, consider the internal structure of leadership authority.
Originally posted: August-2009; Last updated: 15-Nov-2010