The picture of how the people & the powerful interact to within a society is now complete. The 10 Centres and 22 Channels reflect constant and universal features of politics and government.
This Tree framework deals with choices determined at any point in time. It contrasts with the evolution in maturity of political institutions over time. The features of both the Spiral Modes and Tree Levels are derived from the approaches to ethical choice.
Most people's preoccupations largely lie outside politics: earning a living, raising a family, enjoying life, and getting on with others. All these activities are represented in Centre is impacted by government choices (as famously noted by Pericles), it is disconnected from the Centres where the political action occurs. The resolution of this phenomenon is to be found in the next framework in this set.—and while this
The approaches (Typology), the Modes (Spiral), and the Levels (Tree) have identical formal-names as shown in in the far right-hand column. The maroon labels in the far left-hand column are closer to our everyday experiences.
An appreciation of any factor that is uniquely political depends on recognizing a dynamic duality: the Social (i.e. what is public, inclusive, common, shared) labelled [S] and the Private (i.e. what is personal, exclusive, individual) labelled [P]. These two opposing aspects are applicable at each Level.
The two poles are sharply distinct in three of the Levels ( ). In the remaining four Levels, ( ) the poles are intrinsically fused.
Lines joining Centres define bi-directional Channels, which represent flows of influence between the Centres. All Centres and all Channels are necessary to fully appreciate the forces that within a society.
No Centre affects all the others. The Centre with the most connections is and, interestingly, this does not connect directly to the in society.
While the states represented by the Centres are ever-present, the Channels may be activated to a greater or lesser degree (or given more or less attention) according to the social issue under consideration.
The people are to be found in the upper three Levels where appears as a defining feature.
The powerful are to be found in the lower four Levels where appears as a defining feature.
This occurs because the people do not pursue outcomes for their communities. As a mass, they prefer to pursue their own purposes in private activities. The people do, however, have values which impel them to seek to influence their communities, usually aiming for conformity, continuity and stability above all.
Those individuals who become part of the powerful do so through developing or joining . These groups necessarily have explicit goals that are self-interested and not necessarily community-oriented. The powerful naturally strive to get changes in society that forward their goals.
Compare the links:
The model does not describe participative as these would need to operate simultaneously on numerous levels:that are
For example,does not refer to the complicated process by which government makes a choice, but rather specifies a particular solution to a social issue.
Similarly,does not refer to a person applying principles or persuading others, but just specifies the existence of as a genuine force in .
A Framework constructed using all the elements of this Tree is required to clarify how and why individuals seek to affect the public and officials, should they choose to do so. This next Framework will enable clarity about how the need for change is experienced and developed, both rationally and politically.
Review the total picture as follows:
Then consider some practical applications:
In the next major section of this Tree-Levels developed here to map participation in the political life of a society.inquiry, we use the
Originally posted: July 2009; Last updated: 12 June 2014.