The political infrastructure of any stable society is based on themode, where multiple groups more or less accept an existing differential allocation of benefits. These groups, traditional or modern, pursue an endless struggle to maintain their status, and improve it if possible. So the potential for discontent and pressures for change are ever-present in society.
Reminder: No single group within society, whatever they may proclaim, can be concerned for the whole of society. That is the unique and defining task of government.
Discontent is intrinsic to politics. Any group that is seriously dissatisfied about their share of social goods is likely to generate political pressure and eventually mobilize and cause social disruption. People mostly accept their state and status, but the ever-present potential for argument and anger can be activated by feelings of inferiority or unfairness in the allocation of particular benefits.
And this dissatisfaction can lead to fighting (=non-physical struggle) and violence (=physical struggle)
Fighting—through speaking out forthrightly, making peaceful protests, using the media, and negotiating forcefully—is a normal part of politics.
THEE’s endeavour framework. It naturally manifests in a variety of ways. The —in the sense of vigorously asserting, pressing and defending a position—is a fundamental requirement of personal and social life.is a Root Level and located at in
Violence disrupts society and is a constant concern to those in government. Continual widespread violence between groups that cannot be suppressed by government forces reflects a failed state.
Violence disrupts—i.e. the operation of awareness, empathy, debate and reasoning necessary to handle difficult issues well.
Violence represents an isolatedif it focuses on a particular isolated issue. In such cases, either a can be applied, or a chronic sore is allowed to fester.
Violence emerging from deep objections to the entireis more troublesome, and may mean that society’s institutions need to be changed.
Humane functioning, i.e. the natural positive operation of THEE in the mind, can always be disrupted and broken down.
Violence is a form ofcharacterized by the uncontrolled release of . This destroys the possibility of making effective and efficiently . Damaging consequences flow until the violence is willingly abandoned. So violence is unethical on a purely pragmatic basis.
Violence is intrinsically power-centred, and tends to corrupt those who use it.
Originally posted: July 2009; Last updated: 2 June 2014.