Dualities, their nature and their resolution, are presented with examples in The Hub. The focus here is purely on the architectural significance and use of formulae.
Dualities in THEE manifest four qualities:
Oscillating dualities (oD) are defined by odd and even- numbered levels in all THEE hierarchies, and are an expression of the discontinuity generated by levels.
They are therefore properties of levels, and not taxonomic elements.
Dynamic dualities (kD) specify the tension that springs into play whenever a holistic hierarchy is used, and define Trees. Although named variously, and even appearing different according to level, it seems likely that they manifest a standard feature at least within a class e.g. in the Root Hierarchy and Primary Hierarchies, the tension is always between the system (e.g. person) and the environment (e.g. group or situation).
If so, they are a general property of human functioning, and not a taxonomic element as such.
Internal dualities (iD) is an example of dichotomizing a hierarchy, usually in its Tree form, into context v content. The upper 3 levels are the context, and the lower 4 levels are the content. However, every other dichotomous split is also possible. These splits help appreciate properties of the various levels and of the whole hierarchical framework, both as perceived and used.
Splits are therefore properties of frameworks, and not taxonomic elements.
Executing dualities (eD) in TETs name the Axes and define the psychosocial context of the relevant field. One side of the duality, by convention the X-axis, reflects the social, objective, external or shareable output. The other side, the Y-axis, reflects the psychological or personal input required for that output.
In Primary Domains, the Primal Field is now known to be specified by the Primary Structural Hierarchy (PsH•). That discovery enabled the contextual quality of the TET axes to become evident.
Contexts are properties, not elements.
Approach dualities (aD) are defined by psychosocially-relevant common properties of Types that lie along each diagonal of a TET.
Complementary pairs are properties, that may derive from taxonomic elements. Targeted research is required for more precision about their nature.
Dialectical dualities (uD) are properties of the Types or Groupings. Their cyclic unfolding nature is not understood. They appear to represent a human requirement for both a sustaining core and a developmental potential.
The specific dualities will be properties and not taxonomic elements, but sustenance-development may be a general property of mental functioning.
Draft posted: 13-May-2013; Last amended 17-Apr-2015.