To my surprise, I have not captured what the oscillation here is about even though it definitely determines the presence of conflict or consensus within groups. The oscillation seems to be related to social interaction, social order or personal direction.
Can all relevant constructive values and goals be accepted and included? Or does social reality makes it necessary to reject or exclude otherwise desirable purposes or values? Inclusive levels invite consensus and their effect is to integrate people. Exclusive levels increase conflict and their effect is to divide people. Within a person, the issue of conflict also applies and that can interfere with effectively holding values and setting purposes.
This polarization is captured here as:
integrative (ODD) v divisive (EVEN).
This framework is long-established and well-understood. From the outset, the common observation of divisiveness in had caused disquiet. At the time, I expediently put it down to a human failure to function requisitely: something that is common enough. So this present analysis provided a welcome relief.
integrative for groups because they are the means by which any agreed outcome is pursued. Any relevant and constructive tactic is naturally included (in principle), and everyone involved will be supportive.are naturally
However: If you want to perform inappropriate tasks that are extraneous or irrelevant to the pre-determined or group-agreed outcome, then you will be acting divisively. You must choose to do so on your own even if it is to benefit the group. Alternatively, you will be viewed as divisive if you decide to exclude a relevant tactical objective for personal reasons.
If you go shopping explicitly to purchase a new washing machine, but while in the department store you see a special deal for linen, then you may choose to. visit that section while you are there.
Conversion: A divisive becomes a that is in the realm of .
divisive and because they demand choosing just one outcome for full commitment in situations where certainty that it is optimal is not possible. Disagreements about both feasibility and desirability lead some to a different conclusion. Once the outcome is set, alternatives must be excluded as distracting.are naturally
However: An integrative.that is extraneous or irrelevant may be included even if, on the surface, it seems unsatisfactory. To enable progress, you (and others if a group involved) must become persuaded to think and feel intensely positive about such a choice. So the outcome becomes
As part of house maintenance, your strategic objective is redecoration of the ground floor in the summer. However, your spouse may suddenly decide to use the disruption to add on a conservatory. This is not an outcome that is intrinsic to redecoration, and you object. The conservatory can only be included if you can be won over and come to identify with your spouse's view of the benefits.
Conversion: Pursuit of a integrative reveals an , which lies in the realm of .that is
integrating the group around the differential emphases and resource allocations to be applied.are naturally inclusive because all relevant constructive actions and values within a project or enterprise (i.e. involving all insiders) are important by definition. are about
However: If valid values are forcibly excluded, or if socially divisive values lying outside the mission are forcibly pursued, then resources will be improperly allocated. Arguing for such goals only occurs when someone is driven by a particular value system that they hold and bring into play.
A neighborhood group has a small budget and many priorities for improving the area and helping local families in need. Someone starts insisting that money should be allocated to relieve genocide in central Africa or to promote nuclear disarmament. The urgency and emphasis in such cases relate to a religious or ideological position, not to the mission of the group.
Unions sometimes take up causes on behalf of their members, and they then negotiate with management to allocate money to issues and initiatives based on those beliefs. At other times, an anti-capitalist or anti-employer ideology may lead to a refusal to do certain jobs, or block work in a particular plant so disrupting resource use.
Conversion: Setting a divisive remains in the realm of , but it is now an expression of ideology i.e. a .
divisive because they define the identity of an association or a project and generate insiders-members and outsiders or non-participants. The objects provide stability and continuity. determine competencies and resource needs. So synergistic aims are sought and incompatible aims must be rejected.are naturally
However: If inconsistent or conflicting aims are forcibly included or large numbers of members with these aims are integrated, then this leads to a shift in identity of the entity. Such a shift impacts on relevant interests, competencies and resource needs and generates resistance. There must be full participation if the shift is to occur.
A small farm may raise a range of animals (e.g. pigs, cows, sheep, goats, hens, geese, ducks) and also grow vegetables and fruit. If however, times get hard, the owner-manager may consider opening the farm to tourists and offering education-entertainment for children. However, this aim has no connection to the original love of farming. The owner must nevertheless get fully involved and also get active participation from his family and existing or new employees on whom success depends.
Conversion: Integration of a discordant demands , and specifically .
integrative because they embody the needs of individuals and bring communities together. Within the communal net of values, members vary according to which is most important for them. Introduction of new ideas that are not widely perceived as personal needs is difficult.are naturally
However: New needs (often based on new ideas) are liable to be divisive but may be tentatively proposed. Ideally they should be tested via polls, pilots or limited trials, but in any case a judgement will have to be made.
There may be a disagreement about whether sports centres need to have facilities catering for a wide range of disabilities. The need calls for a judgement as to the worth of the proposed facilities, and this may be assisted by appropriate investigations.
Conversion: A relevant but disputed and divisive generates , which are part of .
divisive because they create believers and non-believers and are the basis of tribalism. Value systems exist as ideas, paradigms, doctrines or theories that make fields understandable. Within a field, or amongst tribes, incompatible assumptions and disparate conventions engender conflict, even hostility.are naturally
However: Members of tribal groups can be pressured to integrate beliefs and assumptions from alien value systems, and sometimes their adherents. They are aware that when that happens, they will see and describe reality differently, and the group will be end up changing.
After many electoral defeats, the UK Labour Party in the 1990's started to consider and accept ideas related to free enterprise, competition and markets. As a result it changed and saw its future role in government in a new way.
The permeation of western culture into conservative arab societies is resisted by those in power. However, extensive internet, cheap communications, and growth in tourism and international travel lead to members of those societies changing the way they see themselves and their culture.
The materialist ideology within modern science leads to a rejection of evidence from parapsychological experimental studies. Should assumptions of non-physical causation start to penetrate academe, scientific thinking would change and new models of reality would be developed.
Conversion: Alien divisive become an issue of reality, and this lies within the realm of .
integrative because they seem to imply each other, and one cannot be sacrificed for the benefit of another. Things like beauty, truth, love, and strength are viewed as different aspects of goodness.are naturally inclusive and
However: A particular divisive because for various reasons it does not seem to fit in with a group's most prominent ultimate values. If the excluded value is forced in nevertheless, then its meaning is reviewed and adjusted.may be
Those who have a right-wing political outlook emphasize 'freedom' and 'fairness', but get uncomfortable in relation to 'equality'. If 'equality' must be addressed, then it is studied, re-articulated and incorporated as equality of opportunity or equality of responsibility. In cultures of control and conformity, where 'obedience' and 'submission' are valued, 'freedom' and 'strength' are similarly given special meanings.
Conversion: The uncongenical and divisive develops a specific , and that lies within .
|L||Name||Oscillation||Conversion on Forcible Reversal|
|New Element||Primary Hierarchy|
|7||Ultimate Value||Inclusive & Integrative||→ meaning-||in|
|6||Value System||Exclusive & Divisive||→ representation-||in|
|4||Principal Object||Exclusive & Divisive||→ participation-||in|
|3||Internal Priority||Inclusive &
|2||Strategic Objective||Exclusive & Divisive||→ identification-||in|
|1||Tactical Objective||Inclusive &
Last amended: 22-Jul-2013