The same basic principles ofappear in different forms at different stages of political development.
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|The strengths of the people|
|Integrating Force||Popular ideals||Culture-based
|Socio-Political Institution||Enduring groups||Based in tradition or brute power||Based on
|Communities of choice|
|Via lobbying and
|Criteria of sensible fairness|
& social pressure
|Via crusades &
via many sources
|Core Value||Fraternity||The sphere within which applies progressively enlarges through increasing self-awareness and empathy. The criteria used for alter as society becomes more open, fair and free.|
Note: Updated diagram needed.
The fundamental features of emergent in the time before design are still present, but they are manifested very differently now. Above all the source of power is not brute force or time-bound tradition, but the many strengths of a self-aware people.as
Political power is liable to be decentralized to subsidiarity.as explained in terms of
Communities will vary according to the nature of their territory, historical factors, and the productivity and constructive attitudes of their members. Those that attract and keep the most capable individuals as members are likely to have the greatest influence on matters affecting communities within wider society. In any case, power will spontaneously emerge according to the significance of particular communities.
are for groups what are for persons. People vary in their aspirations according to their natures and talents. In the same way, societies and their territorial sub-divisions need ideals that suit their potentials and their inhabitants. still remain relevant.
New groups of significance now flow from the devolution of power to defined territories in the local government.. The community of everyday significance is the one where people interact, often work, receive most of their services, and can genuinely know what is happening. This is currently the basis for
Territorial community size will determine the realistic handling of issues e.g. university matters cannot be decided by a small village; and regional governments cannot decide about street decorations. For how subsidiarity decisions may be allocated, see natural levels of political territory.
Political actors ofare the community leaders that are dispersed throughout the populace.This includes politicians and senior bureaucrats, but also many in civil society.
Not every person will feel able or be disposed to engage as a political player. But there is likely to be a broader engagement in politics, as per Aristotle's ideal, and a recognition of the need for diverse leaders.
Access to social goods, the influence that led to so much pain and corruption in earlier immature times, will surely continue to generate debate and dispute. However, society will have abolished the extremes of exploitation, privileges of class, and the convention that «might makes it right to get most at the expense of others».
At the very least, gross abuses could become wholly unacceptable and disappear purely via emergence of new conventions and norms. More positively, the use of general criteria based on a communal sense of what is reasonable and fair can be expected.
Maintenance of order is generally a local matter, and should be handled primarily informally. People are capable of tactfully, yet unequivocally, indicating that certain behaviours are not conducive to a peaceful order. It is cheaper and easier to settle everyday disputes and even socially significant complaints through mutual understanding and compromise rather than using the courts.
Different communities may well develop different styles to enable peaceful activism on social issues. In any case, order should be primarily based on civility, self-restraint, and conventional social pressure with coercive enforcement in the background and primarily targeted at antisocial personalities.
Provision of Knowledge:
Achieved freedoms and greater public understanding should lead to a condition far removed from the propaganda and censorship with whichcommenced.
Diversity of group perspectives will provide for multiple sources of information and distinctive narratives. Accessibility to these should be easy and cheap. Learning that is relevant to living a constructive life and enjoying life can become a life-long process.
Core Value & Civic Virtue
and remain as important as always, but are applied differently. The sphere within which applies progressively enlarges through increasing self-awareness and empathy. The criteria used for alter as society becomes more open, fair and free.
Originally posted: July 2009; Last updated: 11-Apr-2014.